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Naj Tunich (NTN)

Alternative Acronyms
Alternative Names
Identification Numbers
Getty ID
Country, Departamento
Guatemala, Petén (GT-PE)
16.275556 N, -89.259722 E
Number of Inscriptions
After Morley (1948)
After Riese (1976)

Site code NTN given by Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (1982:185-187; 1999:187-189; 2012; 2016); cited by Riese (2004), Mathews (2005). Alternative name ‘Najtunich’ according to CMHI (1982; 2016).
Location unverified; approximate coordinates are after James Brady (1989:72).


Armitage, Ruth A., James E. Brady, Allan B. Cobb, John R. Southon, and Marvin W. Rowe
2001 Mass Spectrometric Radiocarbon Dates from Three Rock Paintings of Known Age. American Antiquity 66(3): 471–480.
Brady, James E.
1988 Analysis of Obsidian from Naj Tunich, Peten, Guatemala. In Obsidian Dates IV: A Compendium of the Obsidian Hydration Determinations Made at the UCLA Obsidian Hydration Laboratory., edited by Clement W. Meighan and Janet L. Scalise, pp. 120–127. UCLA Institute of Archaeology, Los Angeles, CA.
1989 An Investigation of Maya Ritual Cave Use with Special Reference to Naj Tunich, Peten, Guatemala. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Archaeology, University of California, Riverside, CA.
1990 Report on Recent Damage to the Inscriptions at Naj Tunich. Mexicon 12(1): 5–6.
1991 New Vandalism at Naj Tunich Cave. National Geographic Research and Exploration 7(1): 114–115.
1993 Exploraciones de la Rama Nueva de Naj Tunich: Implicaciones para su interpretación. In Tercer Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, edited by Juan P. Laporte, Héctor L. Escobedo A., and Sandra Villagrán de Brady, pp. 141–149. Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes, Instituto de Antropología e Historia, Asociación Tikal, Guatemala.
Brady, James E., and Andrea Stone
1986 Naj Tunich: Entrance to the Maya Underworld. Archaeology 39(6): 18–25.
Brady, James E., George Veni, Andrea Stone, and Allan B. Cobb
1992 Explorations in the New Branch of Naj Tunich: Implications for Interpretation. Mexicon 14(4): 74–81.
Brady, James E., and Sandra Villagrán de Brady
1989 La arqueología de la Cueva Naj Tunich: Patrones de uilización ritualistica. In Segundo Simposio Sobre Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, pp. 175–181. Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología, Guatemala.
Brady, James E., and Gene A. Ware
2001 Las inscripciones de Naj Tunich: Avances recientes de la imagen multi-espectral. In XIV Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológiacas en Guatemala, edited by Juan P. Laporte, Ana Claudia de Suasnávar, and Bárbara Arroyo, pp. 1017–1025. Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes, Instituto de Antropología e Historia, Asociación Tikal, Guatemala.
Colas, Pierre R.
1998 Ritual and Politics in the Underworld. Mexicon 20(5): 99–104.
2000 Tok’ and Tok: Two Examples of Rebus Writing in Maya Script. In The Sacred and the Profane: Architecture and Identity in the Maya Lowlands (Proceedings of the 3rd European Maya Conference, University of Hamburg, November 1998), edited by Pierre R. Colas, Kai Delvendahl, Markus Kuhnert, and Annette Schubart, pp. 83–92. Acta Mesoamericana 10. Anton Saurwein, Markt Schwaben.
Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (CMHI)
1982 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 3, Part 3: Yaxchilan (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1999 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 6, Part 3: Tonina (by Ian Graham and Peter Mathews). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
2012 Site Codes (updated July 2012). http://peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2012_forWeb.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed July 23, 2015)
2016 Site Codes (updated Februar 2016). https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2016.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed December 23, 2016)
Fogarty, John
1993 Naj Tunich, an Ugly Trip to a Beautiful Cave. The Texas Caver 38(2): 30–33.
Hellmuth, Nicholas M.
1983 Iconographic Amendments to Andrea Stone’s “Recent Discoveries from Naj Tunich.” Mexicon 5(3): 45–46.
MacLeod, Barbara, and Alejandro Sheseña
2013 Ritos agrícolas mayas clásicos desarrollados en cuevas. In Religión maya: rasgos y desarrollo histórico, pp. 201–224. Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez.
Mathews, Peter
2005 Site Names and Codes. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) http://research.famsi.org/whos_who/sitenames_codes.htm (accessed July 23, 2015)
1981 Höhlenmalerei der Maya von Naj Tunich. Ethnologia Americana 100(2): 1011.
1989 Maya Cave Paintings at Naj Tunich Destroyed. Mexicon 11(5): 83.
Riese, Berthold
2004 Abkürzungen für Maya-Ruinenorte mit Inschriften. Wayeb Notes 8. http://www.wayeb.org/notes/wayeb_notes0008.pdf (accessed July 23, 2015)
Stone, Andrea
1982 Recent Discoveries from Naj Tunich. Mexicon 4(5/6): 93–99.
1985 The Moon Goddess at Naj Tunich. Mexicon 7(2): 23–30.
1995 Images from the Underworld: Naj Tunich and the Tradition of Maya Cave Painting. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.
Strecker, Matthias
1987 Representaciones sexuales en el arte rupestre de la región Maya. Mexicon 9(2): 34–37.
Stuart, David
1981 Communiqué on Naj Tunich Cave. Unpublished Manuscript.
Stuart, George E.
1981 Maya Art Treasures Discovered in Cave. National Geographic Magazine 160(2): 220–235.
Walters, Gary R.
1988 Maya Ceremonial Caves Project. Unpublished Manuscript. Belize.
Witte, Karen, and E. Garza
1981 Naj Tunich: The Writing on the Wall. National Speleological Society News 39(7): 149–151.