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    Hieroglyphic Names of the King of La Amelia, the Petexbatun Region, Maya Lowlands, Terminal Classic
    Research Notes
    9. Juni 2021
    Tobias Mercer
    The only known ruler of La Amelia is mentioned in the inscriptions with two appellatives, which have been tentatively read as Lachan K'awiil and ˀAjaw Bot in previous publications. The present note revises these readings. A re-examination of the inscription on Hieroglyphic Stairway 1 showed that his first appellative is to be read as K'ahk' Hoplaj Chan K'awil, “As for the fire, it is (the rain god) K'awiil who is burning in the sky”. This reading is consistent a wide-spread onomastic formula, which was popular in the Eastern Maya Lowlands in the Classic Period. It is also suggested that the initial ˀa phonetic complement of his second appellative should be interpreted as an indication of a non-standard reading order. Thus, this widely accepted and tentative reading order ˀAjaw Bot receives a well-grounded interpretation.
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    A Formerly Unknown Fragment from the Hieroglyphic Stairway of La Amelia, Guatemala
    Publications, Research Notes
    8. Juni 2021
    Guido Krempel
    This brief note is aimed to present a fragment of a hitherto unpublished Late Classic Maya relief carving (Figures 1 and 2) in the collection of La Ruta Maya Foundation, Guatemala (Registro de Bienes Culturales [Registry of Cultural Heritage] Inv.-No. 1.2.179.85).
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    A Possible Mention of the “Xukalnaah” Emblem Title on Altar de los Reyes, Altar 3
    Publications, Research Notes
    16. April 2021
    Elisabeth Wagner
    During the 2002 season of the long-term archaeological survey of southern Campeche led by Ivan Šprajc a fragmented circular monument was discovered. Its inscription records a long list of emblem glyphs, after which its site of discovery, formerly named after the ejido Zapote Bobal in which it is located, was aptly renamed as “Altar de los Reyes”. The monument itself was designated as Altar de los Reyes, Altar 3. The altar was found badly shattered – probably intentionally destroyed - in the center of the plaza in the West Acropolis of the mentioned site. The larger fragments feature a well preserved part of an inscription which originally encircled the entire perimeter of the lateral surface of the Altar 3. A large part of it could be re-assembled; however, a considerable part of the inscription is lost, thus leaving several inscribed fragments without an exact fit into the original text.
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    Punctuation Marks in Ceramic Texts
    Publications, Research Notes
    2. Februar 2021
    Nikolai Grube
    The use of punctuation marks has not been documented for classic Maya hieroglyphic writing so far. However, we know from colonial Yucatec dictionaries of the 16th and 17th century that there was a term for inserting such marks. Two dictionaries, the San Francisco dictionary and the Diccionario de la Lengua Maya by Juan Pio Pérez mention terms such as t'a h ts'ib "tilde, puntos en la escritura" and u t'ahal sabak, which are compounds based on the nouns t'ah "drops of a liquid", sabak "ink" and tz'ib "writing" respectively. Thunil dzib “drop writing” was another word for “punto en escritura”. Colonial Yucatec scribes thus had access to a philological terminology, but we do not know for sure whether these concepts already existed in the pre-Hispanic period, or whether they are the result of contact with European scribal practice. Only a few authors have so far commented on the topic of punctuation in the Maya script, including Martha Macri and Matthew Looper, who deny the existence of punctuation or signs indicative of reading known from the Maya script.
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