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    A Possible Mention of the “Xukalnaah” Emblem Title on Altar de los Reyes, Altar 3
    Publications, Research Notes
    16. April 2021
    Elisabeth Wagner
    During the 2002 season of the long-term archaeological survey of southern Campeche led by Ivan Šprajc a fragmented circular monument was discovered. Its inscription records a long list of emblem glyphs, after which its site of discovery, formerly named after the ejido Zapote Bobal in which it is located, was aptly renamed as “Altar de los Reyes”. The monument itself was designated as Altar de los Reyes, Altar 3. The altar was found badly shattered – probably intentionally destroyed - in the center of the plaza in the West Acropolis of the mentioned site. The larger fragments feature a well preserved part of an inscription which originally encircled the entire perimeter of the lateral surface of the Altar 3. A large part of it could be re-assembled; however, a considerable part of the inscription is lost, thus leaving several inscribed fragments without an exact fit into the original text.
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    Punctuation Marks in Ceramic Texts
    Publications, Research Notes
    2. Februar 2021
    Nikolai Grube
    The use of punctuation marks has not been documented for classic Maya hieroglyphic writing so far. However, we know from colonial Yucatec dictionaries of the 16th and 17th century that there was a term for inserting such marks. Two dictionaries, the San Francisco dictionary and the Diccionario de la Lengua Maya by Juan Pio Pérez mention terms such as t'a h ts'ib "tilde, puntos en la escritura" and u t'ahal sabak, which are compounds based on the nouns t'ah "drops of a liquid", sabak "ink" and tz'ib "writing" respectively. Thunil dzib “drop writing” was another word for “punto en escritura”. Colonial Yucatec scribes thus had access to a philological terminology, but we do not know for sure whether these concepts already existed in the pre-Hispanic period, or whether they are the result of contact with European scribal practice. Only a few authors have so far commented on the topic of punctuation in the Maya script, including Martha Macri and Matthew Looper, who deny the existence of punctuation or signs indicative of reading known from the Maya script.
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    Yokib chanch’e’en, “el Cielo y el Pozo de Yokib”: historia sagrada y espacios primordiales de Piedras Negras
    Publications, Research Notes
    19. Januar 2021
    Tobias Mercer
    Between 687 and 692, K'inich Yo'nal Ahk II, ruler of Piedras Negras (Yokib), undertook and completed a radical remodeling of the Acropolis and the West Group Plaza, Yokib's chanch'e'en. He consecrated and inaugurated this architectural work at the end of the K'atun 8 Ajaw (9.13.0.0.0, 8 Ahau 8 Uo, March 16, 692 A.D.). In front of Structure J-4 he erected Altar 1, an exceptional sculpture because of its large dimensions and long glyphic inscription. The monument records a chain of mythical, legendary, and historical events that, along with a future date, spans 7,906 years. All the events contained in that long period took place in Yokib's chanch'e'en, whether in its buildings, mountains, or waterways. This vision of the primordial history of Piedras Negras showed the sacred nature of the settlement throughout the ages. Later, a panel and seven stelae were periodically erected in Structure J-4, in front of the altar, as a testimony to the periodic rituals dedicated to the ancestors and tutelary deities, and to the endurance and divine essence of the chanch'e'en.
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    A Logogram for YAH "Wound"
    Decipherment, Publications, Research Notes
    23. Juni 2020
    Nikolai Grube
    Among the many logographic signs which so far have escaped decipherment is a head sign which shows a V-shaped stepped design in its interior. The sign has been identified by Eric Thompson as T1078. A closer look at the sign shows that its full form includes a small attached prefix with “darkness” markings representing an obsidian tool, perhaps a knife that was used for sacrificial purposes. It is argued here that the wounded head with the knife is a logogram YA or YAH for "wound".
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