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Tikal (TIK)

Appellations
Alternative Acronyms
Alternative Names
Mutul
Identification Numbers
Getty ID
GeoNames
AAG ID
Position
Country, Departamento
Guatemala, Petén (GT-PE)
Coordinates
17.222049 N, -89.623542 E
»» UTM / MGRS
Number of Inscriptions
After Morley (1948)
29
After Riese (1976)
25
Online
Sources
Remarks

Site code TIK given by Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (1975:23-24; 1982:185-187; 1999:187-189; 2012; 2016); cited by Riese (2004), Mathews (2005). Alternative name ‘Mutul’ according to Quintana & Wurster (2001: 48).
Location verified with and coordinates retrieved from Google Maps Web Services (accessed August 20, 2015).



References

Becker, Marshall J.
1973 Archaeological Evidence for Occupational Specialization Among the Classic Period Maya at Tikal, Guatemala. American Antiquity 38(4): 396–406.
1986 El patrón de asentamiento en Tikal, Guatemala, y otros sitios mayas de las tierras bajas. Implicaciones para el cambio cultural. Mayab 2: 7–21.
Beliaev, Dmitri
2000 Wuk Tsuk and Oxlahun Tsuk: Naranjo and Tikal in the Late Classic. In The Sacred and the Profane: Architecture and Identity in the Maya Lowlands (Proceedings of the 3rd European Maya Conference, University of Hamburg, November 1998), edited by Pierre R. Colas, Kai Delvendahl, Markus Kuhnert, and Annette Schubart, pp. 63–82. Acta Mesoamericana 10. Anton Saurwein, Markt Schwaben.
Berlin, Heinrich
1951 El Templo de las Inscripciones VI de Tikal. Antropología e Historia de Guatemala 3(1): 33–54.
1953a A New Temple at Tikal. Archaeology 6(2): 82 –86.
1953b A New Temple at Tikal. Archaeology 6(2): 82–86.
1967 The Destruction of Structure 5D-33-1st at Tikal. American Antiquity 32(2): 241–244.
Beyer, Hermann
1939 Algunos datos sobre los dinteles mayas de Tikal en el Museo Etnografico de Basilea. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists 27(1): 338–343.
Boot, Erik
2002 The Dos Pilas-Tikal Wars from the Perspective of Dos Pilas Hieroglyphic Stairway 4Unpublished Electronic Document. Mesoweb.
2003 An Annotated Overview of “Tikal Dancer” PlatesUnpublished Electronic Document. Mesoweb.
Burland, Cottie A.
1957 The Tikal Project. New World Antiquity 4(5): 70–71.
Carr, Robert F., and James E. Hazard
1961 Map of the Ruins of Tikal, El Peten, Guatemala. Tikal Reports 11. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Castañeda Paganini, Ricardo
1962 Tikal, la ciudad arqueológica más grande de la civilización maya. Editorial del Ministerio de Educación Pública, Guatemala.
Coe, William R.
1958 Two Carved Lintels From Tikal. Archaeology 11(2): 75–80.
1959a Tikal 1959. Expedition 1(4): 7–11.
1959b Stela 29, Tikal, Guatemala. Bulletin of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society 13(1): 1–3.
1962a A Summary of Excavation and Research at Tikal, Guatemala: 1956—1961. American Antiquity 27: 479–507.
1962b Maya Mystery in Tikal Site Reveals Long Successions of Cultures. Natural History 71(7): 10–21.
1963 A Summary of Excavation and Research at Tikal, Guatemala: 1962. Estudios de Cultura Maya 3: 41–64.
1965a Tikal: Ten Years of Study of a Maya Ruin in the Lowlands of Guatemala. Expedition 8(1): 5–56.
1965b Tikal, Guatemala, and Emergent Maya Civilization: Excavations Reveal Evidence of Early Complex-Living at a Prime Maya Indian Site. Science 147(3664): 1401–1419.
1975 The Maya: Resurrecting the Grandeur of Tikal. National Geographic Magazine 148(3): 792–811.
Coe, William R., and William A. Haviland
1982 Introduction to the Archaeology of Tikal, Guatemala. Museum Monographs 46. University Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
Coe, William R., and John J. McGinn
1963 Tikal: The North Acropolis and an Early Tomb. Expedition 5(2): 24–32.
Coe, William R, and Edwin M Shook
1961 The Carved Wooden Lintels of Tikal. Tikal Reports 6. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (CMHI)
1975 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 1: Introduction (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1982 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 3, Part 3: Yaxchilan (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1999 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 6, Part 3: Tonina (by Ian Graham and Peter Mathews). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
2012 Site Codes (updated July 2012). http://peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2012_forWeb.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed July 23, 2015)
2016 Site Codes (updated Februar 2016). https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2016.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed December 23, 2016)
Doyle, James A., and Stephen D. Houston
2014 Confederate Curio: A Wooden Carving from Tikal, Guatemala. Mexicon 36(5): 139–145.
Fahsen Ortega, Federico
1986 Algunos aspectos sobre el texto de la estela 31 de Tikal. Mesoamérica 7(11): 135–154.
Fry, Robert E., and Scott C. Cox
1974 The Structure of Ceramic Exchange at Tikal, Guatemala. World Archaeology 6(2): 209–225.
Graziosa Sierra, Liwy, and Vernon L. Scarborough
2013 Control de agua por los antiguos mayas: El sistema hidráulico de la ciudad de Tikal. In Water Managment in Ancient Mesoamerica, edited by Jaroslaw Źrałka and Christophe Helmke, pp. 39–56. Contributions in New World Archaeology 5. Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, Jagiellonian University – Institute of Archaeology, Kraków.
Greene, Virginia, and Hattula Moholy-Nagy
1966 A Teotihuacan-Style Vessel from Tikal: A Correction. American Antiquity 31(3): 432–434.
Grube, Nikolai, and Linda Schele
1994 Tikal Altar 5. Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 66. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture, Art Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Grube, Nikolai, Linda Schele, and Federico Fahsen
1995 Tikal-Copan Connection: Evidence from External Relations. Copán Note 121. Copán Acropolis Project & Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, Austin, TX.
Guenter, Stanley
2000 Murder of the Queen of Tikal? The PARI Journal 1(2): 22–24.
2014a Dating Stela 26 of Tikal. The PARI Journal 14(3): 13–17.
Guillemín, Georges F.
1968 Development and Function of the Tikal Ceremonial Center. Ethnos 33(1/4): 5–39.
Harrison, Peter
1963 A Jade Pendant from Tikal. Expedition 5(2): 13.
Haviland, William A.
1962 A “Miniature Stela” from Tikal. Expedition 4(3): 2–3.
1965 Prehistoric Settlement at Tikal, Guatemala. Expedition 7(3): 14–23.
1969 A New Population Estimate for Tikal, Guatemala. American Antiquity 34(4): 429–433.
1970 Tikal, Guatemala and Mesoamerican Urbanism. World Archaeology 2(2): 186–198.
1974 Occupational Specialization at Tikal, Guatemala: Stoneworking-Monument Carving. American Antiquity 39(3): 494–496.
Jones, Christopher, and Miguel Orrego C.
1987 Corosal Stela 1 and Tikal Miscellaneous Stone 167: Two New Monuments from the Tikal Vicinity, Guatemala. Mexicon 9(6): 129–133.
Jones, Christopher, and Linton Satterthwaite
1982 The Monuments and Inscriptions of Tikal: The Carved Monuments: Tikal Report 33A. Museum Monographs 44. University Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
Laporte Molina, Juan Pedro, and Juan Antonio Valdés
1993 Tikal y Uaxactún en el preclásico. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
Lentz, David L., Nicholas P. Dunning, and Vernon L. Scarborough (editors).
2015 Tikal. Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Lentz, David L., Nicholas P. Dunning, Vernon L. Scarborough, Kevin S. Magee, Kim M. Thompson, Eric Weaver, Christopher Carr, Richard E. Terry, Gerald Islebe, Kenneth B. Tankersley, Liwy Grazioso Sierra, John G. Jones, Palma Buttles, Fred Valdez, and Carmen E. Ramos Hernandez
2014 Forests, Fields, and the Edge of Sustainability at the Ancient Maya City of Tikal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(52): 18513–18518.
Long, Richard C. E.
1940 The Dates on Altar 5 at Tikal. American Antiquity 5(4): 283–286.
Maler, Teobert
1911 Explorations in the Department of Peten, Guatemala, Tikal: Report of Explorations for the Museum. Vol. 1. Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University 5. Peabody Museum, Cambridge, MA.
Martin, Simon
2000 At the Periphery: The Movement, Modification and Re-Use of Early Monuments in the Environs of Tikal. In The Sacred and the Profane: Architecture and Identity in the Maya Lowlands (Proceedings of the 3rd European Maya Conference, University of Hamburg, November 1998), edited by Pierre R. Colas, Kai Delvendahl, Markus Kuhnert, and Annette Schubart, pp. 51–62. Acta Mesoamericana 10. Anton Saurwein, Markt Schwaben.
2001 Unmasking “Double Bird”, Ruler of Tikal. The PARI Journal 2(1): 7–12.
2005 Caracol Altar 21 Revisited; More Data on Double Bird and Tikal’s Wars of the Mid-Sixth Century. The PARI Journal 6(1): 1–9.
2014 Early Classic Co-Rulers on Tikal Temple VI. Maya Decipherment.
Mathews, Peter
2005 Site Names and Codes. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) http://research.famsi.org/whos_who/sitenames_codes.htm (accessed July 23, 2015)
Maudslay, Alfred P.
1883 Explorations in Guatemala, and Examination of the Newly-Discovered Indian Ruins of Quiriguá, Tikal, and the Usumacinta. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 5(4): 185–204.
Mayer, Karl Herbert
1988a Neuentdeckung von Maya-Wandmalereien in Tikal, Guatemala. Antike Welt 19(4): 58–60.
1988b Tikal: A Unique Maya Sculpture on Exhibit. Mexicon 10(3): 49–50.
1990 An Unprovenanced Maya Plate from Tikal. Mexicon 12(5): 81–82.
1992 Two Maya Vessels from Chikin Tikal. Mexicon 14(3): 45, 46.
2000 An Unprovenanced Giant Ahaw Altar at Tikal. Mexicon 22(1): 1–2.
2008a An Unprovenanced Maya Plate at Tikal, Peten, Guatemala. Mexicon 30(4): 75–76.
2008b A Maya Plate at Tikal. Mexicon 30(6): 122.
2009 A Basal Flange Ceramic Vessel with Lid at Tikal, Peten, Guatemala. Mexicon 31(3): 54–55.
2010 Three Maya Unprovenanced “Tikal Dancer” Plates. Mexicon 32(5): 97–102.
Méndez, Modesto
1930 Descubrimiento de las ruinas de Tikal. Anales de la Sociedad de Geografia e Historia de Guatemala 7(1): 88–94.
Moholy-Nagy, Hattula
1962 A Tlaloc Stela from Tikal. Expedition 4(2): 27.
Moholy-Nagy, Háttula
1963 Shells and Other Marine Material from Tikal. Estudios de Cultura Maya 3: 65–83.
1966 Mosaic Figures from Tikal. Archaeology 19(2): 84–89.
Montgomery, John
2001 Tikal, an Illustrated History: The Ancient Maya Capital. Hippocrene, New York, NY.
Orrego Corzo, Miguel, and Rudy Larios Villalta
1983 Tikal, Petén: reporte de las investigaciones arqueológicas en el grupo 5E-11. Instituto de Antropología e Historia de Guatemala, Parque Nacional Tikal, Guatemala.
Puleston, Dennis E.
1965 The Chultuns of Tikal. Expedition 7(3): 24–29.
1974 Intersite Areas in the Vicinity of Tikal and Uaxactun. In Mesoamerican Archaeology: New Approaches: Proceedings of a Symposium on Mesoamerican Archaeology Held by the University of Cambridge Centre of Latin American studies, August 1972, edited by Norman Hammond, pp. 303–311. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.
1983 The Settlement Survey of Tikal: Tikal Report 13. Museum Monographs 48. University Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
Quintana, Oscar, and Wolfgang Wurster
2001 Ciudades Mayas del noreste del Petén, Guatemala. Materialien zur allgemeinen und vergleichenden Archäologie 59. Zabern, Mainz.
Ralph, Elizabeth K.
1965 Review of Radiocarbon Dates from Tikal and the Maya Calendar Correlation Problem. American Antiquity 30(4): 421–427.
Riese, Berthold
2004 Abkürzungen für Maya-Ruinenorte mit Inschriften. Wayeb Notes 8. http://www.wayeb.org/notes/wayeb_notes0008.pdf (accessed July 23, 2015)
Satterthwaite, Linton
1956 Maya Dates on Stelae in Tikal “Enclosures.” Bulletin of the Pennsylvania University Museum 20(4): 24–40.
1958a Five Newly Discovered Carved Monuments at Tikal and New Data on Four Others. Tikal Reports 4: 85–150.
1958b The Problem of Abnormal Stela Placements at Tikal and Elsewhere. Tikal Reports 3: 61–84.
1959 Early “Uniformity” Maya Moon Numbers at Tikal and Elsewhere. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists 33(2): 200–210.
1963 Note on Hieroglyphs on Bone from the Tomb Below Temple I, Tikal. Expedition 6(1): 18–19.
Schele, Linda
1985 Balan-Ahau: A Possible Reading of the Tikal Emblem Glyph and a Title at Palenque. In Fourth Palenque Round Table, 1980, edited by Elizabeth P. Benson, pp. 59–65. The Palenque Round Table Series 4. The Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute, San Francisco, CA.
1990 Notebook for the XIVth Maya Hieroglyphic Workshop at Texas March 10-11, 1990; Tikal. Department of Art and Art History, the College of Fine Arts, and the Institute of Latin American Studies, Austin.
1991 Some Observations on the War Expressions at Tikal. Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 16. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture, Art Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Schele, Linda, Federico Fahsen, and Nikolai Grube
1992 El Zapote and the Dynasty of Tikal. Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 34. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture, Art Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Schele, Linda, and Nikolai Grube
1994 Some Revisions to Tikal’s Dynasty of Kings. Copán Note 67. Copán Acropolis Project & Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, Austin, TX.
Seiler-Baldinger, Annemarie
1997 Tikal-Tafeln. Maya-Reliefs der Spätklassik (510-800 n. Chr.). Begleitblätter zu den Ausstellungen im Museum der Kulturen Basel 44B. Museum der Kulturen, Basel.
Seler, Eduard
1901 Die Cedrela-Holzplatten von Tikal im Museum zu Basel. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 33: 101–126.
Shook, Edwin M.
1960 Tikal Stela 29. Expedition 2(2): 28–35.
1964 Archaeological Investigations in Tikal, Peten, Guatemala. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists 35: 379–385.
Shook, Edwin M., and William R. Coe
1961 Tikal: Numeration, Terminology, and Objectives. Museum Monographs. University Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
Shook, Edwin M., and Alfred V. Kidder
1961 The Painted Tomb at Tikal: An Important Discovery by the Museum’s Expedition in Guatemala. Expedition 4(1): 2–7.
Stuart, David S.
2008 A Caracol Emblem Glyph at Tikal. Maya Decipherment.
2011 Some Working Notes on the Text of Tikal Stela 31. Maya Decipherment.
2012 Dating Tikal’s Mendez Causeway. Maya Decipherment.
2013 Deciphering the Tikal Emblem Glyph. Maya Decipherment.
Tozzer, Alfred M.
1911 A Preliminary Study of the Prehistoric Ruins of Tikal, Guatemala: A Report of the Peabody Museum Expedition 1909 – 1910. Vol. 2. Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University 5. Peabody Museum, Cambridge, MA.
Trik, Aubrey S.
1963 The Splendid Tomb of Temple I at Tikal, Guatemala. Expedition 6(1): 2–18.
Villela, Khristaan D.
1993a Parallel Throne Phrases at Tikal and Palenque. Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 40. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture, Art Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
1993b A New Curl-Snout Event on the Hombre de Tikal. Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 39. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture, Art Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Webster, Helen T.
1963 Tikal Graffiti. Expedition 6(1): 36–47.