«« Back

Río Bec (RBC)

Appellations
Alternative Acronyms
Alternative Names
Rio Bec = Ixtinta
Identification Numbers
Getty ID
GeoNames
INAH ID
E16A7204003
Position
Country, Federal State
Mexiko, Campeche (MX-CAM)
Coordinates
18.339610 N, -89.379700 E
»» UTM / MGRS
Number of Inscriptions
After Morley (1948)
7
After Riese (1976)
Online
Sources
Remarks

Site code RBC given by Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (1975:23-24; 1982:185-187; 1999:187-189; 2012; 2016); cited by Riese (2004), Mathews (2005). The site name Río Bec encompasses at least twenty groups within an area of 10 square kilometers: Groups A, B, C, D, E, F (I), G, H, J, K, L, M, N (VI), II, III, IV, V, VII, VIII, O, P (Andrews 1988:128). Alternative name ‚Rio Bec‘ often without accent (e.g. Sulak 2000); ‚Ixtinta‘ for Río Bec, Group A is contained in Sapper (1895:186).
Location of Río Bec, Group B, verified with and coordinates retrieved from Google Maps Web Services (accessed July 23, 2015). The geographical coordinates of Río Bec, Group II with five sculptured monuments are: 18.35653°N and -89.37438°E (Sulak 2000:92). Stephan Merk provides geographical coordinates for Rio Bec A (18°22.850’N, 89°21.483’W), Rio Bec B (18°22.504’N, 89°21.525’W) and Rio Bec C (18°22.474’N, 89°21.444’W) (personal communication, January 6, 2016).

Site image by Hanns J. Prem under CC BY 3.0 (https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Rio_Bec_B.jpg)



References

Adams, R. E. W., and Jane Jackson Adams
2003 Volumetric and Stylistic Reassessment of Classic Maya Sites in the Petén, Río Bec, Chenes, and Puuc Hills. Ancient Mesoamerica 14(1): 139–150.
Andrews, George F., Ursula Dyckerhoff, and Hanns J. Prem
1989 Macobá, Campeche, Mexico: A Preliminary Report. Mexicon 11(5): 85–90.
Andrews, George F.
1983 Xkichmook Revisited: Puuc Vs. Chenes Architecture. Electronic Document. George F. and Geraldine D. Andrews Papers, the Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin. https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/15676. (accessed 13 December 2017)
1985 Puuc Architecture: 1985 Field Season. Electronic Document. George F. and Geraldine D. Andrews Papers, the Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin. https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/15673. (accessed 13 December 2017)
1988 Architectural Survey: Rio Bec Region. Volume 3. Electronic Document. George F. and Geraldine D. Andrews Papers, the Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.
1992a The Nunnery (Monjas) and Other Large Quadrangles at Uxmal: Elite Residences Complexes or Civic/Ceremonial Complexes? Electronic Document. George F. and Geraldine D. Andrews Papers, the Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin. https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/15674. (accessed 13 December 2017)
1992b Ranking Maya Sites. Electronic Document. George F. and Geraldine D. Andrews Papers, the Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin. https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/15675. (accessed 13 December 2017)
1996 Arquitecturas Río Bec y Chenes. Arqueología mexicana 3(18): 16–25.
Arnauld, Marie-Charlotte, and Alfonso Lacadena
2004 Asentar su autoridad: banquetas en el Grupo B de Río Bec (Campeche, México). Journal de la société des américanistes 90(1): 203–222.
Arnaud, M.-Charlotte, Dominique Michelet, Eva Lemonnier, Philippe Nondédéo, and Boris Vannière
2012 Houses, Emulation, and Cooperation Among the Río Bec Groups. In The Neighborhood as a Social and Spatial Unit in Mesoamerican Cities. M.-Charlotte Arnauld, Linda Manzanilla, and Michael E. Smith, eds. P. 202-. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
Arnauld, M.-Charlotte, Dominique Michelet, and Philippe Nondédéo
2005 Río Bec, ¿una excepción? Arqueología mexicana 13(75): 58–63.
2013 Living Together in Río Bec Houses: Coresidence, Rank and Alliance. Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 469–493.
Arnauld, Marie-Charlotte, Dominique Michelet, Chloé Andrieu, et al.
2014 Río Bec. Des grandes maisons et des récoltes. Journal de la société des américanistes 100(2): 107–144.
Bueno Cano, Ricardo
1999 Entre un río de robles: un acercamiento a la arqueología de la región Río Bec. México, D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Anthropología e Historia.
2001 Arqueología de la región Río Bec, Xpuhil, Campeche. In La pintura mural prehispánica en México. Volumen 2. Área maya. Tomo 3: estudios. Leticia Staines C., ed. Pp. 43–51. Méxcio, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Carrasco Vargas, Ramón, and Marc Wolf
1996 Nadzca’an: una antigua ciudad en el suroeste de Campeche, México. Mexicon 18(4): 70–74.
Carrasco Vargas, Ramón, Sylviane Boucher, and Agustín Peña
1986 Río Bec: un modelo representativo del patrón de asentamiento regional. Boletín de la Escuela de Ciencias Antropológicas de la Universidad de Yucatán 14(78): 20–29.
Carrasco Vargas, Ramón
1987 Nuevas tapas de bóveda decoaradas, en la región central de Yucatán. Mexicon 9(1): 16–20.
Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (CMHI)
1975 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 1: Introduction (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1982 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 3, Part 3: Yaxchilan (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1999 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 6, Part 3: Tonina (by Ian Graham and Peter Mathews). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
2012 Site Codes (updated July 2012). http://peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2012_forWeb.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed July 23, 2015)
2016 Site Codes (updated Februar 2016). https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2016.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed December 23, 2016)
Déodat, Laure, and M.-Charlotte Arnauld
2012 Cocinas, comidas y convites en Río Bec. In Maya Daily Lives. Philippe Nondédéo and Alain Breton, eds. Pp. 53–64. Acta Mesoamericana, 24. Markt Schwaben: Anton Saurwein.
Domínguez Carrasco, María del R., Leydi del C. Puc Tejero, and William J. Folan Higgins
2011 Oxpemul, Campeche: un acercamiento a la temporalidad de su asentamiento. Estudios de Cultura Maya 37: 45–63.
Dussol, Lydie, Michelle Elliott, Grégory Pereira, and Dominique Michelet
2016 The Use of Firewood in Ancient Maya Funerary Rituals: A Case Study from Rio Bec (Campeche, Mexico). Latin American Antiquity 27(1): 51–73.
Folan, William J., Raymundo González Heredia, Abel Morales López, et al.
2009 Las ruinas de Oxpemul: un sitio fortificado en la frontera entre el Petén campechano y el río Bec. Estudios de Cultura Maya 34: 11–32.
Foncerrada de Molina, Marta
1962 La Arquitectura Puuc Dentro de Los Estilos de Yucatán. Estudios de Cultura Maya 2: 225–238.
Gendrop, Paul
1987 Nuevas Consideraciones En Torno a Los Estilos Río Bec y Chenes. Cuadernos de Arquitectura Mesoamericana 10: 39–49.
Gillot, Céline
2014 The Use of Pozzolanic Materials in Maya Mortars: New Evidence from Río Bec (Campeche, Mexico). Journal of Archaeological Science 47: 1–9.
Graña-Behrens, Daniel
2002 Die Maya-Inschriften aus Nordwestyukatan, Mexiko. Unpublished Inaugural-Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Bonn.
Hay, Clarence L.
1935 A Contribution to Maya Architecture. Natural History 36(1): 29–33.
Lemonnier, Eva, and Boris Vannière
2013 Agrarian Features, Farmsteads, and Homesteads in the Río Bec Zone, Mexico. Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 397–413.
Lemonnier, Eva, and M.-Charlotte Arnauld
2008 Sistemas clásicos de asentamientos jerarquiza dos en La Joyanca, Guatemala, y Río Bec, México. In XXI Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 2007. Juan P. Laporte, Bárbara Arroyo, and Héctor E. Mejía, eds. Pp. 327–350. Guatemala: Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología.
Mathews, Peter
2005 Site Names and Codes. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) http://research.famsi.org/whos_who/sitenames_codes.htm (accessed July 23, 2015)
Mayer, Karl Herbert
1983 A Painted Capstone at Becan, Campeche. Mexicon 5(4): 70–71.
1984 Campeche: Graffiti im Río Bec-Gebiet. Mexicon 6(6): 81.
Merwin, Raymond E.
1913 The Ruins of the Southern Part of the Peninsula of Yucatan, with Special Reference to Their Place in the Maya Area. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
Michelet, Dominique, Marie-Charlotte Arnauld, and Philippe Nondédéo
2008 Río Bec (Basses Terres mayas) 2002-2008. Les nouvelles de l’archéologie(111/112): 109–115.
Michelet, Dominique, Nicolas Latsanopoulos, and Julie Patrois
2004 ¿El ocaso de un estilo? Nota preliminar sobre la fachada norte del edificio con torres del Grupo A de Río Bec. Journal de la société des américanistes 90(1): 223–240.
Michelet, Dominique, Philippe Nondédéo, Julie Patrois, Céline Gillot, and Emyly González Gómez
2013 Structure 5N2 (“Group A”): A Río Bec Paradigmatic Palace? Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 415–431.
Michelet, Dominique, Philippe Nondédéo, Grégory Pereira, et al.
2010 Rituales en una sociedad “sin” reyes: el caso del Río Bec y del Edificio A (5N2) en particular. In El ritual en el mundo maya: de lo privado a lo público. Andrés Ciudad Ruiz, Josefa Iglesia Ponce de Leon, and Miguel Sorroche Cuerva, eds. Pp. 153–180. Publicaciones de la S.E.E.M., 9. Madrid: Sociedad Española de Estudios Mayas.
Morley, Sylvanus G.
1948 Check List of the Corpus Inscriptionum Mayarum and Check List of all Known Initial and Supplementary Series. Carnegie Institution of Washington, the Division of Historical Research, Washington, D.C.
Nalda, Enrique, and Sandra Balanzario
2014 El estilo Río Bec visto desde Dzibanché y Kohunlich. Journal de la société des américanistes 100(2): 179–209.
Nondédéo, Philippe
2003a Río Bec: primeros pasos de una nueva investigación. Mexicon 25(4): 100–105.
2003b L’évolution Des Sites Mayas Du Sud de l’Etat Du Campeche, Mexique. BAR International Series, 1171. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Nondédéo, Philippe, and Alfonso Lacadena
2004 Kajtún, un nuevo sitio maya con monumentos esculpidos en la región Río Bec. Journal de la société des américanistes 90(1): 183–201.
Nondédéo, Philippe, and Julie Patrois
2014 Iconografía y secuencia estilística de las cresterías en la micro-región de Río Bec. In Artistic Expressions in Maya Architecture: Analysis and Documentation Techniques. Cristina Vidal Lorenzo and Gaspar Muñoz Cosme, eds. Pp. 125–152. BAR International Series, 2693. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Nondédéo, Philippe, Julie Patrois, Alfonso Lacadena García-Gallo, et al.
2010 De la autonomía política y cultural de la provincia de Río Bec. Estudios de Cultura Maya 36: 37–66.
Nondédéo, Philippe, M. Charlotte Arnauld, and Dominique Michelet
2013 Río Bec Settlement Patterns and Local Sociopolitical Organization. Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 373–396.
Patrois, Julie
2013 Río Bec Graffiti: A Private Form of Art. Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 433–447.
Peña, Agustín
1998 El Templo B de Rio Bec. Montaña viviente y acceso al inframundo. Gaceta Universitaria 8(39-40): 34–41.
Pereira, Grégory
2013 Ash, Dirt and Rock: Burial Practices at Río Bec. Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 449–468.
Périgny, Maurice de
1908 Yucatan inconnu. Journal de la Société des Américanistes 5: 66–84.
Piña Chán, Román
1985 Cultura y ciudades mayas de Campeche: Calakmul, Edzna, Becan, Xpuhil, Jaina, Hochob, Chicanna, Dzibilnocac, Hormiguero, Río Bec, El Tigre. México: Editora del Sureste.
Prentice, M. Thomas, and L. Janice Campbell
2008 Excavations at Rio Bec Group B, Structure 6N-1, Campeche, Mexico. Estudios de Cultura Maya 31: 123–148.
Riese, Berthold
2004 Abkürzungen für Maya-Ruinenorte mit Inschriften. Wayeb Notes 8. http://www.wayeb.org/notes/wayeb_notes0008.pdf (accessed July 23, 2015)
Ruppert, Karl, and John H. Denison
1943 Archaeological Reconnaissance in Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Peten. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Publication 543. Carnegie Instituton, Washington, D.C.
Sapper, Karl
1895 Altindianische Siedelungen und Bauten im nördlichen Mittelamerika. Globus 68(11): 183–189.
Straulino Mainou, Luisa, Dominique Michelet, Julie Patrois, et al.
2014 Cuando los muros hablan: observaciones y desafíos en Río Bec. In Artistic Expressions in Maya Architecture: Analysis and Documentation Techniques. Cristina Vidal Lorenzo and Gaspar Muñoz Cosme, eds. Pp. 107–124. BAR International Series, 2693. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Straulino, Luisa, Sergey Sedov, Dominique Michelet, and Sandra Balanzario
2013 Weathering of Carbonate Materials in Ancient Maya Constructions (Río Bec and Dzibanché): Limestone and Stucco Deterioration Patterns. Quaternary International 315: 87–100.
Sulak, Jack
2000 The Maya Stelae at Rio Bec II, Campeche. Mexicon 22(5): 91–93.
Taladoire, Eric, Sara Dzul, Philippe Nondédéo, and Mélanie Forné
2013 Chronology of the Río Bec Settlement and Architecture. Ancient Mesoamerica 24(2): 353–372.
Taladoire, Éric
2014 Terrains de jeu et stèles dans la région maya de Río Bec : rejet ou inutilité ? Journal de la société des américanistes 100(2): 145–177.
Vázquez López, Verónica A.
2008 Entre Río Bec y Calakmul: Algunas reflexiones sobre patrón de asentamiento y organización sociopolítica. In XXI Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 2007. Juan P. Laporte, Bárbara Arroyo, and Héctor E. Mejía, eds. Pp. 300–312. Guatemala: Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología.
Źrałka, Jarosław
2014 Pre-Columbian Maya Graffiti: Context, Dating and Function. Kraków: Alter. 978-83-64449-16-1.