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Piedras Negras (PNG)

Appellations
Alternative Acronyms
Alternative Names
Identification Numbers
Getty ID
GeoNames
AAG ID
Position
Country, Departamento
Guatemala, Petén (GT-PE)
Coordinates
17.168695 N, -91.260188 E
»» UTM / MGRS
Number of Inscriptions
After Morley (1948)
80
After Riese (1976)
90
Online
Sources
Remarks

Site code PNG given by Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (1975:23-24; 1982:185-187; 1999:187-189; 2012; 2016); cited by Riese (2004), Mathews (2005).
Location verified with and coordinates retrieved from Google Maps Web Services (accessed October 14, 2015) in the West Group Plaza.



References

Anaya Hernández, Armando
2005 The Redención del Campesino Valley Archaeological SurveyUnpublished Electronic Document. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI).
Andrews, E. Wyllys
1942 The Inscription on Stela 38, Piedras Negras, El Peten, Guatemala. American Antiquity 7(4): 364–368.
Benson, Elizabeth P.
1982 Symbolic Objects in Maya Art. Mexicon 4(3): 45–47.
Beyer, Hermann
1937 Lunar Glyphs of the Supplementary Series at Piedras Negras. El México Antiguo 4(3/4): 75–82.
1939a Remarks on Some Maya Hieroglyphs from Piedras Negras (Peten, Guatemala). Ethnos 4(3/4): 105–111.
1939b Elucidation of a Secondary Series on Lintel 2 of Piedras Negras. El México Antiguo 4(9-12): 289–292.
1940 Rectification of a Date on Stela 12 of Piedras Negras. El México Antiguo 5: 7–8.
Butler, Mary
1933 Piedras Negras Pottery. Piedras Negras Preliminary Paper 4. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
1935 Piedras Negras Pottery: A Dissertation. Vol. 4. Piedras Negras Preliminary Paper. University Museum: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Child, Mark B., and Charles W. Golden
2008 The Transformation of Abandoned Architecture at Piedras Negras. In Ruins of the Past: The Use and Perception of Abandoned Structures in the Maya Lowlands, edited by Travis W. Stanton and Aline Magnoni, pp. 65–90. University Press of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Coe, William R.
1959 Piedras Negras Archaeology: Artifacts, Caches, and Burials. Vol. 18. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. Museum Monographs 10. The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (CMHI)
1975 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 1: Introduction (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1982 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 3, Part 3: Yaxchilan (by Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
1999 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 6, Part 3: Tonina (by Ian Graham and Peter Mathews). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
2003 Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions. Volume 9, Part 1: Piedras Negras (by David Stuart and Ian Graham). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
2012 Site Codes (updated July 2012). http://peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2012_forWeb.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed July 23, 2015)
2016 Site Codes (updated Februar 2016). https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/files/cmhi/CMHI_SiteCodes_FINAL_2016.pdf (by Barbara Fash). (accessed December 23, 2016)
Cresson, Frank M. Jr.
1937 Foot Forms of Pottery Vessels at Piedras Negras. Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Studies: Philadelphia Anthropological Society 1: 37–46.
Danien, Elin C.
2001 Chicken Soup and Canvas Bags: Advice for the Field. Expedition 43(3): 41–45.
Davidson, Daniel S. (editor).
1937 Identification of Maya Temple Buildings at Piedras Negras. In Twenty-fifth Anniversary Studies, 1:pp. 161–177. Publications of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, PA.
Driver, W. David
2002 An Early Classic Colonnaded Building at the Maya Site of Blue Creek, Belize. Latin American Antiquity 13(1): 63–84.
Fitzsimmons, James L.
1998 Classic Maya Mortuary Anniversaries at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. Ancient Mesoamerica 9(2): 271–278.
Fitzsimmons, James L., Andrew Scherer, Stephen D. Houston, and Héctor L. Escobedo A.
2003 Guardian of the Acropolis: The Sacred Space of a Royal Burial at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. Latin American Antiquity 14(4): 449–468.
Golden, Charles W.
2002 Bridging the Gap Between Archaeological and Indigenous Chronologies: An Investigation of the Early Classic/Late Classic Divide at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Golden, Charles W., Andrew K. Scherer, and A. René Muñoz
2005 Exploring the Piedras Negras-Yaxchilán Border Zone: Archaeological Investigations in the Sierra de Lacandón, 2004. Mexicon 27(1): 11–16.
Golden, Charles W., Andrew K. Scherer, A. René Muñoz, and Rosaura Vasquez
2008 Piedras Negras and Yaxchilan: Divergent Political Trajectories in Adjacent Maya Polities. Latin American Antiquity 19(3): 249–274.
Greene, Merle, Robert L. Rands, and John A. Graham
1972 Maya Sculpture from the Southern Lowlands, the Highlands and Pacific Piedmont, Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras. Lederer, Street & Zeus, Berkeley, CA.
Hammond, Norman
1981 Pom for the Ancestors: A Reexamination of Piedras Negras Stela 40. Mexicon 3(5): 77–79.
Houston, Stephen D.
1983 On “Ruler 6” at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. Mexicon 5(5): 84–86.
2000 Into the Minds of Ancients: Advances in Maya Glyph Studies. Journal of World Prehistory 14(2): 121–201.
2014 A Game with a Throne. Maya Decipherment.
Houston, Stephen D., Héctor L. Escobedo, Mark Child, Charles Golden, Richard Terry, and David Webster
2000 In the Land of the Turtle Lords: Archaeological Investigations at Piedras Negras, Guatemala, 2000. Mexicon 22(5): 97–110.
Houston, Stephen D., Héctor L. Escobedo, Donald Forsyth, Perry Hardin, David Webster, and Lori Wright
1998 On the River of Ruins: Explorations at Piedras Negras, Guatemala, 1997. Mexicon 20(1): 16–22.
Houston, Stephen D., Héctor L. Escobedo, Perry Hardin, Richard Terry, David Webster, Mark Child, Charles Golden, Kitten Emery, and David S. Stuart
1999 Between Mountains and Sea: Investigations at Piedras Negras, Guatemala, 1998. Mexicon 21(1): 10–17.
Houston, Stephen D., Héctor L. Escobedo, Richard Terry, David Webster, George Veni, and Kitty F. Emery
2000 Among the River Kings: Archaeological Research at Piedras Negras, Guatemala, 1999. Mexicon 22(1): 8–17.
Kingsley, Melanie J., Charles W. Golden, Andrew K. Scherer, and Luz Midilia Marroquin de Franco
2012 Parallelism in Occupation: Tracking the Pre- and Post-Dynastic Evolution of Piedras Negras, Guatemala Through its Secondary Site, El Porvenir. Mexicon 34(5): 109–117.
Köhler, Ulrich
1983 Gefahr am Usumacinta. Mexicon 5(6): 99.
Krumbach, Helmut
1975 Heilzentren im kulturellen Raum Mexikos und Guatemalas? Forschungen aus den Jahren 1973 und 1974. Ethnologia Americana 12(1): 614–623.
Ludendorff, Hans
1940 Astronomische Inschriften in Piedras Negras und Naranjo. Untersuchungen zur Astronomie der Maya 13. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.
Macri, Martha J.
1994 The Five-door Temples at Piedras Negras and Palenque. Mexicon 16(5): 100–102.
Mason, J. Alden
1932 Excavations at Piedras Negras. Bulletin of the Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania 3(6): 178–79.
1933 Stela 12 from Piedras Negras. Bulletin of the Pennsylvania University Museum 4(4): 89–90.
1934 A Stela from Piedras Negras. Bulletin of the Pennsylvania University Museum 5: 53–54.
Mason, J. Alden, Linton Satterthwaite, and Mary Butler
1934 The Work of the Eldridge R. Johnson Middle American Expeditions of the University Museum, Philadelphia, at Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala. Maya Research 1(1): 30–36.
Mathews, Peter
2005 Site Names and Codes. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) http://research.famsi.org/whos_who/sitenames_codes.htm (accessed July 23, 2015)
Mayer, Karl Herbert
1984 Maya Monuments: Sculptures of Unknown Provenance in Middle America. Maya Monuments 3. von Flemming, Berlin.
1987 Maya Monuments: Sculptures of Unknown Provenance, Supplement 1. Maya Monuments 4. Von Flemming, Berlin.
1989 Maya Monuments: Sculptures of Unknown Provenance, Supplement 2. Von Flemming, Berlin.
1995 Maya Monuments: Sculptures of Unknown Provenance, Supplement 4. Academic Publishers, Graz.
Morley, Sylvanus G.
1929 Report of S.G. Morley on the Piedras Negras Expedition. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Year Book 28: 327–328.
1937 The Inscriptions of Petén. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 437. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.
1948 Check List of the Corpus Inscriptionum Mayarum and Check List of all Known Initial and Supplementary Series. Carnegie Institution of Washington, the Division of Historical Research, Washington, D.C.
n.a.
1932 Painted Maya Throne Found in Guatemala; University of Pennsylvania Expedition Also Unearths a Burial Vault of 514 A.D. The New York Times, July 13.
1935 The Piedras Negras Expedition. Bulletin of the Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania 5(6): 74–75.
1981 Piedras Negras Stele 25 in Paris versteigert. Mexicon 3(3): 40–41.
Pallán Gayol, Carlos
2010 The Classic Court of Itzam K’an Akh of Piedras Negras: New Information on a Vessel from the Yaxche Phase with Hieroglyphic Dedicatory Formula. The PARI Journal 10(4): 1–10.
Proskouriakoff, Tatiana
1944 An Inscription on a Jade Probably Carved at Piedras Negras. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Notes on Middle American Archaeology and Ethnology 2(47): 142–147.
1960 Historical Implications of a Pattern of Dates at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. American Antiquity 25(4): 454–475.
1963 Historical Data in the Inscriptions of Yaxchilan. Part I. Estudios de Cultura Maya 3: 149–167.
Rands, Barbara C., and Robert L. Rands
1961 Excavaciones en un cementerio de Palenque. Estudios de Cultura Maya 1: 87–106.
Riese, Berthold
2004 Abkürzungen für Maya-Ruinenorte mit Inschriften. Wayeb Notes 8. http://www.wayeb.org/notes/wayeb_notes0008.pdf (accessed July 23, 2015)
Satterthwaite, Linton
1933a The South Group Ball Court: Structures R-11-a and R-11-B, with a Preliminary Note on the West Group Ball Court (structures K-6-a and K-6-B). Piedras Negras Preliminary Papers 2. University Museum, Umiversity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
1933b The South Group Ball Court, Structures R-11-a and R-11-b, with a Preliminary Note on the West Group Ball Court, Structure K- 6-a and K-6-b. Vol. 2. Piedras Negras Preliminary Paper. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
1933c Description of the Site, with Short Notes on the Excavations of 1931–32. Vol. 1. Piedras Negras Preliminary Paper. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
1933d The Piedras Negras Expedition. Bulletin of the Pennsylvania University Museum 4(5): 120–126.
1935 Palace Structures J-2 and J-6, with Notes on Structure J-6-2nd and other Buried Structures in Court 1. Vol. 3. Piedras Negras Preliminary Paper. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
1936a Notes on the Work of the Fourth and Fifth University Museum Expeditions to Piedras Negras, Petén, Guatemala. Maya Research 3(1): 74–91.
1936b The Sixth Piedras Negras Expedition. Bulletin of the Pennsylvania University Museum 6(5): 7–19.
1936c A Pyramid Without Temple Ruins. Vol. 5. Piedras Negras Preliminary Paper. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, PA.
1937 Thrones at Piedras Negras. University Museum Bulletin 7(1): 18–23.
1938 Evidence for a Logical Sequence of Roof-Types on Maya Builidings at Piedras Negras. Science 88(2291): 504.
1943a Piedras Negras Archaeology: Architecture. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
1943b New Photographs and the Date of Stela 14, Piedras Negras. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Notes on Middle American Archaeology and Ethnology 1(28): 182–186.
1946 Incense Burning at Piedras Negras. Bulletin of the Pennsylvania University Museum 11(4): 16–22.
1965 Maya Practice Stone-Carving at Piedras Negras. Expedition 7(2): 9–18.
Schele, Linda, and Nikolai Grube
1995 Notes on the Chronology of Piedras Negras Stela 12. Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 70. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture, Art Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Schellhas, Paul
1934 Die Stele Nr. 12 von Piedras Negras. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 66(4/6): 416–422.
Scherer, Andrew K., and Charles Golden
2009 Tecolote, Guatemala: Archaeological Evidence for a Fortified Late Classic Maya Political Border. Journal of Field Archaeology 34(3): 285–305.
Scherer, Andrew K., Lori E. Wright, and Cassady J. Yode
2007 Bioarchaeological Evidence for Social and Temporal Differences in Diet at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. Latin American Antiquity 18(1): 85–104.
Stuart, David
1985 The Inscription on Four Shell Plaques from Piedras Negras, Guatemala. In Fourth Palenque Round Table, 1980, edited by Elizabeth P. Benson, pp. 175–183. The Palenque Round Table Series 6. The Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute, San Francisco, CA.
1999 Una guerra entre Yaxchilán y Piedras Negras? In Proyecto Arqueológico Piedras Negras, Informe Preliminar 2, Segunda Temporada, edited by Héctor Escobedo and Stephen D. Houston, pp. 389–392. Instituto de Antropología e Historia de Guatemala.
2004 The Paw Stone: The Place Name of Piedras Negras, Guatemala. The PARI Journal 4(3): 1–6.
2007 The Captives on Piedras Negras, Panel 12. Maya Decipherment.
2013 Panel 1 from Piedras Negras. Maya Decipherment.
Stuart, David, and Stephen Houston
1994 Classic Maya Place Names. Studies in Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology 33. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C.
Teufel, Stefanie
2004 Die Monumentalskulpturen von Piedras Negras, Petén, Guatemala. Unpublished Inaugural-Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Bonn.
Thompson, J. Eric S.
1943 The Initial Series of Stela 14, Piedras Negras Guatemala, and a Date on Stela 19, Naranjo, Guatemala. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Notes on Middle American Archaeology and Ethnology 1(18): 113–116.
1944 The Dating of Seven Monuments at Piedras Negras. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Notes on Middle American Archaeology and Ethnology 2(39): 65–82.
1964 1914: La Carnegie Institution of Washington ingresa al campo maya. Estudios de Cultura Maya 4: 167–175.
Veni, George
2000 In Search of Xibalbá: An Archaeological Expedition to the Caves of Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala. International Caver: 14–18.
Villacorta C., J. Antonio
1933 Estelas de Piedras Negras. Revista del Museo Nacional de Guatemala. Sección de Arqueología 1: 64–84.
Winning, Hasso von
1981 An Iconographic Link Between Teotihuacan and Palenque. Mexicon 3(2): 30–32.